The introduction of the Children & Families Act (2014) meant an overhaul to the way that Education, Health and Care systems have to work. Together they must ensure that the needs of children and young people with SEND are met. Focusing on the aspirations of the individual and including them in the decisions that are made about the support they receive and the services that are provided to them.
Education Health & Care Plan
This is a legal document that describes a child or young person’s special educational, health and social care needs. It states the additional support required to meet the needs of the individual and outlines how that help will enable the child or young person to achieve the specified outcomes, the child/young persons aspirations and their goals.
Educational Health & Care Plans are written and maintained by the local authority and there are statutory duties and timescales surrounding the assessment and review of the document as well as ensuring that the provision specified is being followed and outcomes are being met.
It is important to note that the majority of children with SEN do not require an EHCP. Nationally, the DfE reports that as of January 2019, roughly 15% of students have a Special Educational Need and 3% of students have an EHCP.